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ISSN: 2344 - 102X

ISSN-L: 2344 - 102X


Article from Volume 10, Number 3, Year 2022

Author(s): Cristinel Ichim
DOI: 10.4316/EJAFB.2022.10313
Abstract: Within the public expenditures from the state budget, we identify the category of public expenditures for social and cultural actions, the level of which largely depends on the quality of life of the citizens of a state. In this article, we propose to analyze the role and place of this category of expenses in the state budget. In the first part of the paper, I presented the concept of social and cultural expenses, after which I identified and analyzed the factors that influence their evolution and structure: demographic factors, political factors, social factors, economic factors and urbanization. The research continues with the analysis of the dynamics and structure of public expenses for social and cultural actions based on the most recent data available in the Statistical Yearbook of Romania and highlights the place that this category of expenses occupies within the public expenditure of the state budget of Romania. The analysis shows us the fact that in the period 2016-2020 the social and cultural expenses from the state budget had a constant increase both in nominal size and in real size occupying an important share in the total public expenditure from the state budget between 29.48% (in year 2016) and 39.55% (in 2019).
Keywords: State Budget; Public Expenditure; Social And Cultural Expenses; Health; Culture; Education; Social Assistance.
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